There was a change in the geography of displacement, with each region facing various challenges in trying to contain violence. Both elderly unresolved disasters and brand new or reignited conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, in addition to increasing violence in certain Latin American nations, contributed to the increased number of refugees, of which 50 percent originated from Afghanistan, Somalia, and Syria, and half were females and kids.
In 2015, sub-Saharan Africa hosted the largest number of refugees, followed closely by Europe and Asia and the Pacific region. Driven largely by the conflicts in Syria and Iraq. The Middle East and North Africa saw an increased flow of refugees, hosting over 2.7 million in 2015. Nations in developing areas hosted an average of 86% of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate.
Furthermore, Turkey alone hosted 2.5 million refugees, that makes it the world’s biggest refugee-hosting country, although in Lebanon almost one in five people was a refugee, that is the most significant percentage of a refugee population in one country in comparison with its national population. LDCs, which face substantial challenges to satisfy the development needs of their very own citizens, let alone the humanitarian needs of refugees, given asylum to over 4 million refugees in 2015.
Reducing gender inequalities and empowering girls may also accelerate efforts to prevent conflict. In accordance with the largest dataset on the standing of girls in the world to date, gender equality is a stronger predictor of a country’s peacefulness than its level of democracy, faith, or gross domestic product. States, where women tend to be more empowered, will also be the States less likely to experience civil conflict or go to war with its allies.
Countries ranked as the most stable and peaceful overall usually have a higher proportion of women in leadership positions. This implies that a vital element of conflict prevention – and accomplishment of SDG 16 – could be a greater investment in women’s and girl’s empowerment, including their reproductive and overall health, and their education and rights, which comprise SDG 5.
Adapt aid policies for states in delicate situations
Help policies must be adapted for states in delicate situations. From the Paris Declaration. It was agreed that aid effectiveness principles apply equally to development cooperation in situations of fragility. Including states emerging from conflict, but that these principles will be adapted to environments with poor ownership or capacity.
Since that time, Principles for good international engagement in the Fragile States and Situations have been agreed at the OECD. Were supplemented in the year 2011 with the New Deal for Engagement in the Fragile States. A joint arrangement between development partners and a set of self-announced fragile or battle affect nations. Progress reports on the implementation of the New Deal highlight. That additional action has to be taken to further enhance aid effectiveness in these environments.
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